Process Flow To Manufacturing Woven Fabric:

1. Yarn preparation: Yarn collects from the spinning industry. But it needs to prepare a suitable count and package. 

2. Winding: Winding requires preparing a suitable yarn package. we know that in the weaving process, two sets of yarn are used. Warp and Weft yarn. Warp yarn wind into a cone package. But weft yarn wind into the pirn in the package for a conventional loom and cone package for a modern loom.

3. Warping: Warping is intended to prepare the beam of the weaver to be installed on the weaving machine. Warping performs the following operations: 

  • Create, out of a limited number of warp threads (creel load), a warp composed of any number of threads with the desired length. 
  • Arrangement of the above-mentioned threads according to the desired sequence. 

The industrial warping process can be accomplished:

  • Sectional warping (conical drum or indirect warping). 
  • Beam warping or direct warping (preparatory beam warping).

4. Sizing: Sizing is the implementation of the adhesive protective layer before weaving in the warp threads. Warp yarns can resist the complex stresses they are subjected to in the weaving machine.

5. Weaver Beam Preparation: For long runs of gray fabrics, beam warping is used. As intermediate stage warper beams are produced that can contain up to 1,000 – 1100 ends. Then 6-12 warper beam threads are merged at the slashing stage and wound on a weaver beam (loom beam).

6. Drawing: Drawing is done to pull the threads of the warp through the heald wire’s eye.

7. Denting: Denting signifies drawing the warp thread through the dent as the reed plan requires, and this more reliably specifies the fabric width and ends per inch. Denting is the process of passing the ends through the dents of reed according to the denting order of the fabric to be woven

8. Looming: At the start of the new warp, the tail end of the warp from the exhausted weaver beam is attached. it is called tying-in. Therefore, the drawing mechanism may be excluded if each end of the new beam is attached to its consequent end on the old beam. All knots are pulled through the drop wires, heddles, and reeds after the tying-in process. The loom is ready for use now.

9. Weaving: Finally Weaving is started and other processes will be followed for delivery.

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