Frequently Used Terminology of Textile

  • Abrasion Resistance: How well a fabric holds up against wear from rubbing.
  • Calendering: Making fabric smoother and more shiny by pressing it with rollers.
  • Colorfastness: How well a fabric or dye maintains color despite exposure to different conditions.
  • Denier: Measurement of fiber thickness.
  • Dyeing: The process of adding color to fabric.
  • Elasticity: Fabric’s ability to stretch and return to its original shape.
  • Embroidery: Decorating fabric with needle and thread.
  • Fabric Construction: How fabric is made, like weaving or knitting.
  • Fabric Density: Number of yarns per fabric area.
  • Fabric Hand: Fabric’s feel, like softness or stiffness.
  • Fabric Performance: Fabric’s durability and appearance.
  • Fabric Stretch: Fabric’s ability to stretch and recover.
  • Fabric Weight: Fabric’s heaviness.
  • Fabric Width: Fabric’s breadth.
  • Fiber Content: Types of fibers in a fabric.
  • Fiber: Basic unit used to create fabrics.
  • Filament: Long continuous strand used for making yarns.
  • Finishing: Applying chemicals and actions for the final fabric look.
  • Fleece: Soft and warm fabric used in clothing.
  • GSM: Measurement for fabric weight.
  • Jacquard: Fabric or weave with intricate patterns.
  • Knitting: Making fabric by looping yarn with needles.
  • Lace: Delicate fabric made by interlacing threads.
  • Non-woven: Fabric not created by weaving or knitting.
  • Pile: Fabric with a raised surface.
  • Pilling: Fabric forming small balls due to wear.
  • Polymer: Large molecules formed by small repeating units.
  • Printing: Adding designs to fabric.
  • Resilience: Fiber’s ability to regain shape.
  • Sateen: Fabric or weave with a shiny surface.
  • Staple Fiber: Short to average fiber lengths.
  • Textile Testing: Evaluating fabric properties and quality.
  • Thread: Thin yarn used in sewing or weaving.
  • Tissue: Fabric’s properties related to use and appearance.
  • Twill: Fabric or weave with a diagonal pattern.
  • Warp: Lengthwise threads in woven fabric.
  • Weave: Method of interlacing threads to create fabric.
  • Weft: Crosswise threads in woven fabric.
  • Yarn: Strands formed by spinning fibers together.
  • Yarn Count: Measurement indicating yarn thickness.

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