Comber Machine

A comber machine is a type of textile processing machine used to comb out impurities and align fibers in cotton and other natural fibers. The process of combing produces a more uniform and smoother yarn. Here are some details about the types of comber machines, the combing process, and the basic elements of a comber machine:

Types of Comber Machines:

The major types of combers include:

  • Rectilinear comber (with stationary or oscillating nippers),
  • Circular combers (English worsted process),
  • Rotary comber (production of Schappe spun yarns) and.
  • Hackling machines (bast fibers).

Basic Elements of a Comber Machine:

1. Lap r/r (lap rollers and detaching rollers): These rollers help to feed the lap of cotton fibers into the machine and detach the combed sliver from the machine.

2. Tension r/r (tension rollers): These rollers help to maintain a consistent tension on the fibers as they pass through the machine.

3. Condenser: The condenser helps to compact the fibers and remove any remaining impurities.

4. Feed r/r (feed rollers): These rollers help to feed the fibers into the comber machine.

5. Top nipper: The top nipper holds the fibers in place as they are combed.

6. Bottom nipper: The bottom nipper holds the fibers in place as they are combed.

7. Top comb: The top comb helps to align and straighten the fibers.

8. Bottom comb: The bottom comb helps to align and straighten the fibers.

9. Detaching r/r (detaching rollers): These rollers help to detach the combed sliver from the machine.

10. Condenser: The condenser helps to compact the fibers and remove any remaining impurities.

11. Table: The table provides support for the fibers as they pass through the machine.

12. Drafting r/r (drafting rollers): These rollers help to stretch and thin out the fibers.

13. Cloth cleaner: The cloth cleaner helps to remove any remaining impurities from the combed sliver.

14. Belt: The belt helps to drive the comber machine.

15. Trumpet: The trumpet helps to guide the combed sliver onto the calendar rolls.

16. Calendar r/r (calendar rollers): These rollers help to further compact the combed sliver and give it a smooth surface.

17. Coiler calendar r/r (coiler calendar rollers): These rollers help to wind the combed sliver onto a coiler head.

18. Coiler head: The coiler head collects the combed sliver and winds it into a can.

19. Can: The can collects the combed sliver as it is produced by the comber machine.

Material passage diagram of the comber machine:
At first, lap is fed by lap roller. Then lap is passed through the condenser. Material is passed under the feed roller and through the nipper. Here top and bottom nippers are used to nip the lap. Then lap is passed through the detaching roller. Here a cloth clearer is used to clean the lap. Then it passes through the condenser and calendar roller. Then it enters into the drafting zone by the feed table. Then the drafted material is passed by the help of belt into trumpet. Finally it is deposited into can by passing though coiler calendar roller and coiler head.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *