Classification of Textile Fibres

Generally, textile fibers can be classified into main two types they are-Natural fiber and Synthetic fiber or manmade fiber or artificial fiber. Textile fibers can also be classified in the following ways:

  1. Classification of textile fibers based on sources
  2. Classification of textile fibers based on polymer
  3. Classification of textile fibers according to their botanical, zoological, or chemical name
  4. Classification of textile fibers according to their utility
  5. Classification of textile fibers according to their thermoplasticity
  6. Classification of textile fibers according to their ability to absorb moisture

Difference between textile fibers and other materials:

Textile fiberOther materials
1. They are formed by polymerization processes. (natural or synthetic)1. They are not so formed.
2. There are composed of millions of molecular chains.2. They are not so composed.
4. The molecules are formed (join) by the attractive forces, called H-bond, Vander wall forces, etc.3. They have relatively small molecular weight.
5. Molecular structure can be changed i.e. jute, cotton, etc.3. They have large molecular weights.
5. Molecular structure can be changed i.e. jute, cotton etc.5. Molecular structure cannot be changed i.e. soda, salt, etc.
6. Insoluble in water.6. Soluble/Insoluble in water.

The properties of textile fibers are given below:

  1. It must have a fibrous formation.
  2. It Length is a thousand times longer than its diameter.
  3. It should have spun able ability.
  4. It should have sufficient strength and spinning ability.
  5. It should have contained elasticity and flexibility characteristics.
  6. It must be Fineness.
  7. It must have a special color.
  8. It should have an affinity to dye stuff.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *