Comprehensive Overview of Textile Fiber Properties: Physical, Mechanical, and Chemical Characteristics

The properties of textile fibers encompass various characteristics that define their behavior, quality, and suitability for different applications. 1. Physical Properties: a. Length: b. Tenacity / Specific Strength: c. Fineness: d. Crimp: e. Cross-Sectional Shape: f. Maturity: g. Luster: h. Softness: i. Resiliency: j. Work of Rupture: k. Density: l. Appearance: m. Flexibility: n. Toughness:…

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Ramie Fiber

Ramie is a natural woody fiber. It is one of the oldest fibers and has a historical use dating back thousands of years. It was used for Chinese burials 2,000 years ago, long before cotton was introduced to the Far East.  In China, it is called zhù má (苎麻). It may have been used in cloth for…

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Classification of Textile Fibres

Generally, textile fibers can be classified into main two types they are-Natural fiber and Synthetic fiber or manmade fiber or artificial fiber. Textile fibers can also be classified in the following ways: Difference between textile fibers and other materials: Textile fiber Other materials 1. They are formed by polymerization processes. (natural or synthetic) 1. They…

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Conductive Fiber

Conductive filaments are a blend of electric cables and the fabrics world, with attributes of each. A conductive fiber is a fiber that can conduct electricity.Conductive filaments correntond of anon-conductive or less conductive substrate; which is also either carpeted or bedded with electrically conductive rudiments. similar to carbon, nickel, bobby, gold, tableware, titanium, or PEDOT….

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Loofah fiber/Loofah sponge

Luffa is a tropical vines in the cucumber family.   Loofah/sponge can be spelled as luffah, luffa, loufa or just called luff. Introduction of loofah fiber/loofah sponge: The fruit may be allowed to ripe and used as a bath or kitchen sponger after being reused to remove everything except xylem fibers. However, the flesh disappears leaving only…

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Sugarcane Fiber

One of the crops that is produced in the most quantity worldwide is sugarcane. A significant amount of sugarcane fibers are produced each year due to the over a billion tonnes of sugarcane that are produced. The utilization of sugarcane fibers is thus growing in popularity day by day. Numerous innovative uses for sugarcane fibers…

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Fibre Properties – Comparison

Absorbency Fibre Moisture regain* Cotton 7 -11 Flax 12 Silk 11 Wool 13 – 18 Acetate 6.0 Acrylic 1.3 – 2.5 Aramid 4.5 Glass 0 – 0.3 Nylon 4.0 – 4.5 Polyester 0.4 – 0.8 Rayon 15 Rayon HWM 11.5 – 13 Spandex 0.75 – 1.3 *Moisture regain is expressed as a percentage of the…

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Textile Fibers

Textile fibers are natural or synthetic structures that can be spun into yarn and woven, knitted, or bonded into fabric. Textile fibers are the basic building blocks of fabrics and can be made from natural materials such as cotton, wool, silk, and linen, as well as synthetic materials such as polyester, nylon, rayon, and acrylic. These…

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