Basic of Yarn

Yarn is created by spinning fibers together, either by hand or using machines.

Characteristics of textile yarn:

Fiber content: The type of fiber used to create the yarn can have a significant impact on its properties. For example, natural fibers like cotton and wool tend to be softer and more breathable, while synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon are more durable and resistant to stretching and shrinking.

Yarn count: Yarn count refers to the thickness of the yarn and is measured in terms of the number of fibers per unit weight or length. A higher yarn count generally means a finer, thinner yarn, while a lower yarn count means a thicker, bulkier yarn.

Twist: Yarns are made by twisting fibers or filaments together. The amount of twist in the yarn can affect its strength, elasticity, and appearance. For example, a high-twist yarn will be stronger and more elastic, while a low-twist yarn will be softer and more drapey.

Ply: Ply refers to the number of individual yarns twisted together to create a single strand of yarn. A single-ply yarn is made from a single strand of fibers, while a multi-ply yarn is made from several strands twisted together. Multi-ply yarns are generally stronger and more durable than single-ply yarns.

Texture: The texture of a yarn can vary depending on the manufacturing process used. For example, a yarn with a smooth, even texture will produce a fabric with a more uniform appearance, while a yarn with an irregular texture will produce a fabric with a more textured or rustic look.

Color: Yarns can be dyed in a wide range of colors to suit different design needs. The type of fiber used and the dyeing process can affect the brightness, depth, and durability of the color.

Manufacturing Process:

Bale Opener


Blow Room




Simplex (Roving)

Spinning (Ring Frame)

Winding (Autoconer)

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